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Last Updated 6/18/2015

Government Code Section 65583(a)(7)) requires “An analysis of any special housing needs, such as those of the elderly, persons with disabilities, including a developmental disability, as defined in Section 4512 of the Welfare and Institutions Code; large families, farmworkers, families with female heads of households, and families and persons in need of emergency shelter…”

Special needs are those associated with specific demographic or occupational groups which call for very specific program responses, such as preservation of single-room occupancy hotels or the development of units with larger bedroom counts. The statute specifically requires analysis of the special housing needs of the elderly, the disabled including developmentally disabled, female-headed households, large families, farmworkers and homeless persons and families. These special needs groups often spend a disproportionate amount of their income to secure safe and decent housing and are sometimes subject to discrimination based on their specific needs or circumstances.

In addition to the groups listed above, the analysis of special needs should also include any other group the locality deems appropriate such as student populations, Native American tribes, persons with HIV/AIDS, etc.

Requisite Analysis

A thorough analysis will assist a locality identify groups with the most serious housing needs in order to develop and prioritize responsive programs. The analysis of each special needs group should include the following:

In addition to the requisite analysis above, a thorough analysis of the special housing needs for the elderly should include:

Sample Tables

The following sample tables are to assist in organizing critical information. The information provided in the tables should be tailored to the jurisdiction and be followed by appropriate analysis as detailed above. Sample tables are not intended to substitute for addressing the analytical requirements of housing element law.

Householders by Tenure by Age
Householder Age Owners Renters Total
65-74 years      
75 plus years      
Source: Census Bureau (2012 ACS Data B25007)

Elderly Households by Income and Tenure
Income Level Elderly Owner Households Elderly Renter Households
Below 50% AMI    
51% to 80%    
81% to 120%    
Above 120%    
Source: CHAS Data Download Tool

Sample Analyses